Acceptable worship before God comes from holy living and holy thinking. Both the thought life and the life lived affect one another. David in Psalm 51 after having repented for his sin against Uriah and Bathsheba said:
“Create in me a clean heart, O God, And renew a steadfast spirit within me. 11 Do not cast me away from Your presence And do not take Your Holy Spirit from me. 12 Restore to me the joy of Your salvation And sustain me with a willing spirit. 13 Then I will teach transgressors Your ways, And sinners will be converted to You.”
David understood that he would be able to impart God’s truth to sinners only after he was cleansed from sin, only after he was walking in holiness. This aspect of the life of the mind and the heart is too easily dismissed by many and what results is a disjointed spirituality where the cognitive dissonance within paralyzes and distorts our living which does not glorify God.
Nevertheless, according to the Gospel and God’s activity believers are commanded now to live a certain way. Paul’s command in (vv.1-2) gives the reason for why the following imperatives can be obeyed:
“3 For through the grace given to me I say to everyone among you not to think more highly of himself than he ought to think; but to think so as to have sound judgment, as God has allotted to each a measure of faith.”
Paul again is addressing the thought life and demonstrates its’ power: that it can be used either for self- exaltation (haughtiness) or as a means to honor God through sound judgment (sobriety). This phrase “not to think more highly of himself than he ought to think” seems to refer back to Paul’s warning to the Gentiles regarding their view of the Jews in chapter 11. It could also mean that the gospel message should contour and color our thought patterns as we relate to one another in Christ’s body for our position in this body is by grace alone.
Another observation here is that God chooses the measure of faith bestowed. Again this is a gift for the body of Christ, not self-promotion. This gift has the goal of serving and strengthening the people of God, not self-exaltation. Sound judgment here thus seems to indicate an awareness of the gifts God has given each one of us without apology and without a superiority or inferiority complex. The reason is because these come to us through God’s tender mercies and grace which cause our souls to rejoice in Him!
Paul continues and explains his command in verse 3:
“4 For just as we have many members in one body and all the members do not have the same function, 5 so we, who are many, are one body in Christ, and individually members one of another. 6 Since we have gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, each of us is to exercise them accordingly: if prophecy, according to the proportion of his faith;7 if service, in his serving; or he who teaches, in his teaching; 8 or he who exhorts, in his exhortation; he who gives, with liberality; he who leads, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness.”
I think it’s important to note that Paul commands the church in his apostolic role with the grace God had given to him (12:3) and now we are to exercise whatever gift God has given to us with the same grace God gave to Paul. All of these gifts have certain functions the other lacks and needs to optimally perform (e.g., analogy of the body of Christ is relevant here). Sound judgment (v.3) here regulates their use beginning with the attitude that one gift is not more important than the other. And from that, each gift is to function according to its capacity. We have much to learn here in the body of Christ.
Too often people tend to pit one gift against another considering it “superior” to the next. For example, consider the debate raging within Christendom for the last two millennia regarding “faith and reason/heart and head”. A lot of this issue is deeply misunderstood and thus not properly explicated because people don’t do a good job of coming to terms. Nevertheless, some view that what certainly matters to God is our faith/heart (and it certainly does), rather than our reason/head (which is a false dichotomy).
Plainly stated, “Theology” is for the scholar, but for most of us we just need “to love Jesus” and not worry about deep thought. The first eleven chapters of Romans obliterates that position for this letter was written to the Church, not to the scholarly elite, the purpose of which “through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith among all the Gentiles for His name’s sake,” (Rom.1:5).
How can we obey what is not understood or how can we understand this gospel without thinking deeply? We can’t! The fact remains that part of loving God with the entire being includes the use of our minds and Paul is bringing that application to the fore of his argument.
What about the Martha types? These are the ones in the body of Christ that do much of the “grunt work”, underappreciated and overlooked, except when the toilets are plugged or the dishes need to be cleaned, or the food needs to be cooked and then served. I think the point is clear: each gift has its proper function and need according to the need of the moment.
Paul continues this thought with a command to love in a certain way:
“9 Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor what is evil; cling to what is good.”
How can love truly be love, if hypocrisy is attached to it? Perhaps Paul means that when love is demonstrated it does abhor what is evil and clings to what is good. Implied here is that love (if real) flows from the base of truth rather than merely from the whim of feeling or emotion. Perhaps, un-hypocritical love deals with the following verses that allow love to perform or express itself not just in word but also in our actions. Consider the following verses:
“10 Be devoted to one another in brotherly love; give preference to one another in honor; 11 not lagging behind in diligence, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord; 12 rejoicing in hope, persevering in tribulation, devoted to prayer, 13 contributing to the needs of the saints, practicing hospitality. 14 Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse. 15 Rejoice with those who rejoice, and weep with those who weep. 16 Be of the same mind toward one another; do not be haughty in mind, but associate with the lowly. Do not be wise in your own estimation. 17 Never pay back evil for evil to anyone. Respect what is right in the sight of all men. 18 If possible, so far as it depends on you, be at peace with all men. 19 Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. 20 “But if your enemy is hungry, feed him, and if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.” 21 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.”
Notice here that the call of the Christian is to a life of humble obedience to Christ which is revealed in how others are treated. These constitute the Great Commandment to love our neighbor as ourselves. Perhaps that’s what Paul means about un-hypocritical love. At the end of the day, this kind of love looks to the infinite God for the reward rather than to finite human beings for accolades. It’s definitely the love Christ manifested to us when he walked among us.
Perhaps, Paul is also referring back to the use of God’s gifts which are to be exercised humbly knowing that they come from God for His purposes and ends not ours. That truth should curb our sinful inclinations for self-exaltation rather than the edification of another. (SDG)